Titanium was first discovered at the end of the 18th century. The name was derived from the Titans of Greek mythology, known for their extreme and superior strength. Titanium is the only element possessing the strength of steel, yet with a weight comparable to aluminum.
Titanium has positively and diversely impacted mankind more than any single element. It has taken us to the depths of the ocean and to the far reaches of space. (85% of the space shuttle’s structure is titanium.) It is placed inside our bodies and on our sporting equipment. It is only in the last few years that we have begun to explore the artistic benefits of this miraculous material.
Titanium is the only element that offers the unique combination of beauty, strength, light weight and bio-compatibility.
Titanium now commands the highest levels of quality for many consumer product industries; including sporting equipment, medical, automotive and marine, art and architecture, giftware and, of course, jewelry. Even credit cards now tout their ultimate achievement with a titanium designation.
UNIQUE & EXCEPTIONAL PROPERTIES OF TITANIUM
Highest ratio between strength and density of all metallic materials
Extreme mechanical and thermal loading capacity
Extreme tensile strength - stronger than steel but 42% lighter
High corrosion resistance, particularly against oxygen
Extremely bio-compatible because of it’s tissue compatibility and it’s elastic attributes
What is “Titanium”?
In 1791, William Gregor of England, discovered titanium in an impure form. It was first known as “Manachite”. It was later given the name “Titanium” by a German chemist, Martin Kloproth. He derived the name titanium from the Titans of Greek mythology, known for their extreme and superior strength.
In 1910, pure titanium was manufactured by M.A. Hunter, an American chemist. Hunter was able to extract the metal from the ores and developed the process of mixing rutile ore (TiO2) with chlorine and coke, then applying extreme heat, producing titanium tetrachloride (TiC14), which was further reduced with sodium to form titanium. The hunter process successfully produced high quality titanium.
Dr.Wilhelm Kroll, in 1946, developed the process currently used for producing titanium commercially. The Kroll process reduces titanium tetrachloride (TiC14) with magnesium. Titanium belongs to an elite category of elements identified as strategic metals.
It wasn’t until 1910 that titanium was able to be separated from its compound materials. By nature of its reactive properties, titanium could not be processed by conventional extraction methods. It took nearly half a century for scientists and metallurgists to develop a cost effective method for its extraction and refinement. In the 1950’s Lockheed Corporation built the SR-71 Blackbird spy plane – out of almost entirely titanium. Afterwards the aerospace industry began using titanium regularly.
Titanium is an element (symbol Ti) like gold, silver and platinum. It’s atomic number is 22, with atomic weight of 47.9, an electron configuration of 2-8-10-2, and a specific gravity of 4.5. Titanium has a melting point of 3020 F (1660C) and a boiling point of 5949 F (3287C). It is a silvery white non ferrous metal with the highest strength to weight ratio of any known element. For this reason titanium is the favored material in the aerospace industry. 85% of the structural components in the Space Shuttle are made of titanium. The average commercial aircraft contains over 1 ton of titanium.
Titanium has impacted mankind more positively and diversely than any single element in history. It is the element that took us to the depths of the ocean, the far reaches of the galaxy and elevated our capacities in medicine, industry and science.
“Few materials have as much potential for dynamic growth during the 1990's, and beyond, as titanium. It's on the cutting edge of some really exciting and extraordinary developments, many of which are in newly emerging technologies." - Sen. John Glenn
Titanium is inert.
Titanium has been embraced by the medical world for its superior biocompatibility, and is the preferred material for surgical instruments and implants. Titanium is inert and therefore completely corrosion resistant. It does not react to salt water, sunlight, or any body chemistry. Titanium is 100% hypoallergenic. Titanium is the preferred material for surgical tools, implants, pacemaker cases and other internal casings. It won’t react with any part of the body, making it a great choice for even those persons most sensitive to other materials. When a person has an allergic reaction when wearing a pair of gold or silver earrings due to the alloys, it is recommended that they switch over to titanium earrings. And unlike silver, titanium will never tarnish!
Titanium is extremely durable and strong.
Titanium is more resistant and has the highest strength to weight ratio of ANY known element, which is why 85% of the Space Shuttles structure is titanium. In fact that is why many titanium ring manufacturers have a lifetime warranty. In jewelry applications, titanium’s strength allows for design capabilities that were otherwise impossible. For example, tension set rings made with titanium provides maximum security for the stone. Softer materials such as gold, silver and platinum cannot make this claim! In fact, even the softest forms of titanium start with over 30,000 psi tension, much more than platinum. Titanium can be worn throughout active and demanding lifestyles without concern for the excessive wear and tear that would be exhibited by gold and platinum.
Titanium is lightweight.
Only slightly heavier than aluminum with the strength of steel. Today, “light’ is the quality standard in all fields. With jewelry, titanium’s light weight translates into comfort. Platinum, gold and silver must sacrifice style and function to reduce weight and costs.
Titanium is proven.
Titanium is the fastest growing category in jewelry history. Without exception, titanium has dominated each and every market arena it has entered. From sports products like bicycles, tennis rackets, and golf clubs, to marine hardware, computer cases and jewelry, titanium symbolizes the new standard for excellence. Even the term “titanium” has come to represent the highest standard of excellence and quality. (For example: titanium credit cards.)
Titanium is pure.
The World Titanium Council endorses Spectore’s grey titanium which is 99+% commercially pure. No other conventional material can boast this claim. 14kt gold is 58% pure and platinum is generally 90% pure. For those who wish to wear a pure metal, titanium is the logical choice.
Titanium is a noble element.
Titanium is the first new element to enter the noble metals arena of platinum and gold in over 3,000 years.
Titanium is leading edge.
The technology used in working with titanium has significantly and positively impacted manufacturing methods throughout the entire jewelry industry. Titanium is the perfect marriage of art and science.
Titanium is virtuous.
Many say that had titanium been discovered before platinum and gold, it would be the leading jewelry material today.
Titanium is fashionable.
Titanium provides the stylish rich grey tones of platinum at a much more attractive price. Many designers such as Edward Mirell are designing fashion forward cutting edges styles for titanium jewelry. Titanium is at the forefront in the designer jewelry community. No other metal has experienced such a dramatic rise in popularity as titanium